EMC Standards, Guidelines, and References

The following list is designed to be an informative overview of standards and guidelines concerned with controlling electromagnetic compatibility.

INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION

3, rue de Varembé, P.O. Box 131, CH-1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland; phone: +41 22 919 02 11; fax: +41 22 919 03 00; e-mail: info@iec.ch; Internet: www.iec.ch

CISPR 11 Ed. 4.1 (2004-06)

Industrial, Scientific, and Medical (ISM) Radio-Frequency Equipment—Electromagnetic Disturbance Characteristics—Limits and Methods of Measurement.

Electromagnetic radiation disturbance limits are developed for the purpose of protecting radiocommunication services and signal levels, as well as for taking frequency bands, signal levels, separation distances between the interfering and interfered equipment, desired signal ratio, etc. into account.

CISPR 16-1-1, Amendment 1, Ed. 1.0 (2005-06)

Specification for Radio Disturbance and Immunity Measuring Apparatus and Methods—Part 1-1: Radio Disturbance and Immunity Measuring Apparatus—Measuring Apparatus.

CISPR 16-1-2, Ed. 1.1 (2004-06)

Specification for Radio Disturbance and Immunity Measuring Apparatus and Methods—Part 1-2: Radio Disturbance and Immunity Measuring Apparatus—Ancillary Equipment—Conducted Disturbances.

CISPR 16-1-3, Ed. 2.0 (2004-06)

Specification for Radio Disturbance and Immunity Measuring Apparatus and Methods—Part 1-3: Radio Disturbance and Immunity Measuring Apparatus—Ancillary Equipment—Disturbance Power.

CISPR 16-1-4, Ed. 1.0 (2005-02)

Specification for Radio Disturbance and Immunity Measuring Apparatus and Methods—Part 1-4: Radio Disturbance and Immunity Measuring Apparatus—Ancillary Equipment—Radiated Disturbances.

CISPR 16-1-5, Ed. 1.0 (2003-12)

Specification for Radio Disturbance and Immunity Measuring Apparatus and Methods—Part 1-5: Radio Disturbance and Immunity Measuring Apparatus—Antenna Calibration Test Sites for 3 MHz to 1000 MHz.

CISPR 16-2-1, Amendment 1, Ed. 1.0 (2005-07)

Specification for Radio Disturbance and Immunity Measuring Apparatus and Methods—Part 2-1: Methods of Measurement Disturbances and Immunity—Conducted Disturbance Measurements.

CISPR 16-2-2, Amendment 2, Ed. 1.0 (2005-07)

Specification for Radio Disturbance and Immunity Measuring Apparatus and Methods—Part 2-2: Methods of Measurement Disturbances and Immunity—Measurement of Disturbance Power.

CISPR 16-2-3, Amendment 1, Ed. 1.0 (2005-05)

Specification for Radio Disturbance and Immunity Measuring Apparatus and Methods—Part 2-3: Methods of Measurement Disturbances and Immunity—Radiated Disturbance Measurements.

CISPR 16-2-4, Ed. 1.0 (2003-12)

Specification for Radio Disturbance and Immunity Measuring Apparatus and Methods—Part 2-4: Methods of Measurement Disturbances and Immunity—Immunity Measurements.

CISPR 16-3, Amendment 1, Ed. 2.0 (2005-07)

Specification for Radio Disturbance and Immunity Measuring Apparatus and Methods—Part 3: CISPR Technical Reports.

CISPR 16-4-1, Ed. 1.1 (2005-02)

Specification for Radio Disturbance and Immunity Measuring Apparatus and Methods—Part 4-1: Uncertainties, Statistics, and Limit Modeling—Uncertainties in Standardized EMC Tests.

CISPR 16-4-2, Ed. 1.0 (2003-12)

Specification for Radio Disturbance and Immunity Measuring Apparatus and Methods—Part 4-2: Uncertainties, Statistics, and Limit Modeling—Uncertainties in Standardized EMC Measurements.

CISPR 16-4-3, Ed. 2.0 (2004-05)

Specification for Radio Disturbance and Immunity Measuring Apparatus and Methods—Part 4-3: Uncertainties, Statistics, and Limit Modeling—Statistical Considerations in the Determination of EMC Compliance and Mass-Produced Products.

CISPR 16-4-4, Ed. 1.0 (2003-12)

Specification for Radio Disturbance and Immunity Measuring Apparatus and Methods—Part 4-4: Uncertainties, Statistics, and Limit Modeling—Statistics of Complaints and a Model for the Calculation of Limits.

CISPR 61000-6-3, Ed. 1.0 (1996)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 6: Generic Standards—Section 3: Emission Standard for Residential, Commercial, and Light-Industrial Environments.

This standard for emission requirements applies to electrical and electronic apparatus intended for use in the residential, commercial, and light-industrial locations, both indoor and outdoor, for which no dedicated product or product-family emission standard exists.

IEC 60118-13, Ed. 2.0 (2004-11)

Electroacoustics—Hearing Aids—Part 13: Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC).

This standard covers all relevant EMC phenomena for hearing aids. It specifies measurement methods and acceptance levels for hearing aid immunity to high-frequency electromagnetic fields originating from digital telephone systems as specified in IEC 61000-4-3.

IEC 60601-1-2, Ed. 2.1, (2004-11)

Medical Electrical Equipment—Part 1-2: General Requirements for Safety—Collateral Standard: Electromagnetic Compatibility—Requirements and Tests.

The document specifies requirements and tests for electromagnetic compatibility of medical electrical equipment and medical electrical systems, and serves as the basis of electromagnetic compatibility requirements and tests in particular standards. The existence of electromagnetic emission requirements is essential for the protection of safety services, medical electrical equipment, and systems, nonmedical electrical equipment and telecommunications. The immunity test levels specified in this standard (IEC 60601 test levels) represent the range found in general medical use environments. The document specifies limits for harmonic current emissions applicable to electrical and electronic equipment having an input current up to and including 16 A per phase, and intended to be connected to public low-voltage distribution systems. The tests according to this standard are type tests.

IEC 61000-1-4, Ed. 1.0 (2005-05)

Electromagnetic Compatibility—Part 1-4: General—Historical Rationale for the Limitation of Power-Frequency Conducted Harmonic Current Emissions from Equipment, in the Frequency Range up to 2 kHz.

IEC 61000-3-2, Ed. 2.2 (2004-11)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 3-2: Limits—Limits for Harmonic Current Emissions (Equipment Input Current 16 A per Phase).

The document specifies limits for harmonic current emissions applicable to electrical and electronic equipment having an input current up to and including 16 A per phase, and intended to be connected to public low-voltage distribution systems. The tests according to this standard are type tests.

IEC 61000-3-3, Ed. 1.1 (2002)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 3-3: Limits—Limitation of Voltage Changes, Voltage Fluctuations and Flicker in Public Low-Voltage Supply Systems, for Equipment with Rated Current  16 A per Phase and Not Subject to Conditional Connection.

This section of IEC 61000-3 is concerned with the limitation of voltage fluctuations and flicker impressed on the public low-voltage system. It specifies limits of voltage changes that may be produced by equipment tested under specified conditions and gives guidance on methods of assessment.

IEC 61000-3-12, Ed. 1.0 (2004-11)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 3-12: Limits—Limits for Harmonic Currents Produced by Equipment Connected to Public Low-Voltage Systems with Input Current >16 A and  75 A per Phase.

IEC 61000-4-1, Ed. 2.0 (2000)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 4-1: Testing and Measurement Techniques—Overview of IEC 61000-4 Series.

The document offers applicability assistance to the users and manufacturers of electrical and electronic equipment on EMC standards within the IEC 61000-4 series on testing and measurement techniques. It provides general recommendations concerning the choice of relevant tests.

IEC 61000-4-2, Ed. 1.2 (2001)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 4-2: Testing and Measurement Techniques—Electrostatic Discharge Immunity Test. This publication is based on IEC 60801-2 (Ed. 2, 1991). It relates to the immunity requirements and test methods for electrical and electronic equipment subjected to static electricity discharges, from operators directly, and to adjacent objects.

IEC 61000-4-3, Ed. 2.1 (2002)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 4-3: Testing and Measurement Techniques—Radiated, Radio-Frequency, Electromagnetic Field Immunity Test.

The document applies to the immunity of electrical and electronic equipment to radiated electromagnetic energy. It establishes test levels, required test procedures, and a common reference for evaluating the performance of electrical and electronic equipment when subjected to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields.

IEC 61000-4-4, Ed. 2.0 (2004-07)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 4: Testing and Measurement Techniques—Section 4: Electrical Fast Transient/Burst Immunity Test. (Basic EMC publication.)

The document relates to the immunity requirements and test methods for electrical and electronic equipment to repetitive electrical fast transients. It defines ranges of test levels.

IEC 61000-4-5, Ed. 1.1 (2001)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 4-5: Testing and Measurement Techniques—Surge Immunity Test.

The document relates to the immunity requirements, test methods, and range of recommended test levels for equipment to unidirectional surges caused by overvoltages from switching and lightning transients.

IEC 61000-4-6, Ed. 2.0 (2004-11)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 4-6: Testing and Measurement Techniques—Immunity to Conducted Disturbances, Induced by Radio-Frequency Fields.

The document relates to the conducted immunity requirements of electrical and electronic equipment to electromagnetic disturbances coming from intended radio-frequency transmitters in the frequency range from 9 kHz to 80 MHz.

IEC 61000-4-7, Ed. 2.0, Corrigendum 1 (2004-7)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 4-7: Testing and Measurement Techniques—General Guide on Harmonics and Interharmonics Measurements and Instrumentation, for Power Supply Systems and Equipment Connected Thereto.

IEC 61000-4-11, Ed. 2.0 (2004-3)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)–Part 4-11: Testing and Measurement Techniques—Voltage Dips, Short Interruptions, and Voltage Variations Immunity Tests.

This standard defines the immunity test methods and range of preferred test levels for electrical and electronic equipment connected to low-voltage power supply networks for voltage dips, short interruptions, and voltage variations.

IEC 61000-4-12, Ed. 1.1 (2001)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 4-12: Testing and Measurement Techniques—Oscillatory Waves Immunity Test.

This basic standard establishes the immunity requirements and a common reference for evaluating performance of electrical and electronic equipment intended for residential, commercial, and industrial application.

IEC 61000-4-13, Ed. 1.0 (2002)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 4-13: Testing and Measurement Techniques—Harmonics and Interharmonics Including Mains Signalling at AC Power Port, Low Frequency Immunity Tests.

The document defines the immunity test methods and range of recommended basic test levels for electrical and electronic equipment with rated current up to 16 A per phase at disturbance frequencies up to and including 2 kHz (for 50-Hz mains) and 2.4 kHz (for 60-Hz mains) for harmonics and interharmonics on low-voltage power networks.

IEC 61000-4-14, Ed. 1.1 (2002)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 4-14: Testing and Measurement Techniques—Voltage Fluctuation Immunity Test. (Basic EMC publication.)

The document applies to electrical and electronic equipment that has a rated input current up to 16 A per phase. It aims to establish a reference for evaluating the immunity of electric and electronic equipment when subjected to positive and negative low-amplitude voltage fluctuations.

IEC 61000-4-15, Ed. 1.1 (2003)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 4: Testing and Measurement Techniques—Section 15: Flickermeter—Functional and Design Specifications.

The document gives a functional and design specification for flicker-measuring apparatus intended to indicate the correct flicker perception level for all practical voltage fluctuation waveforms.

IEC 61000-4-16, Ed. 1.1 (2002)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 4-16: Testing and Measurement Techniques—Test for Immunity to Conducted, Common Mode Disturbances in the Frequency Range 0 Hz to 150 kHz.

The document establishes a common and reproducible basis for testing electrical and electronic equipment with the application of common-mode disturbances to power supply, control, signal, and communication ports.

IEC 61000-4-17, Ed. 1.1 (2002)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 4-17: Testing and Measurement Techniques—Ripple on DC Input Power Port Immunity Test.

The document defines test methods for immunity to ripple at the dc input-power port of electrical and electronic equipment. It applies to low-voltage dc power ports.

IEC 61000-4-20, Ed. 1.0 (2003-02)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 4-20: Testing and Measurement Techniques—Emission and Immunity Testing in Transverse Electromagnetic (TEM) Waveguides.

IEC 61000-4-21, Ed. 1.0 (2003-08)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 4-21: Testing and Measurement Techniques—Reverberation Chamber Test Methods.

IEC 61000-4-27, Ed. 1.0 (2000)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 4-27: Testing and Measurement Techniques—Unbalance, Immunity Test.

The document considers immunity tests for electric and electronic equipment (apparatus and system) in its electromagnetic environment. Only conducted phenomena are considered, including immunity tests for equipment connected to public and industrial networks.

IEC 61000-4-28, Ed. 1.1 (2002)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 4-28: Testing and Measurement Techniques—Variation of Power Frequency, Immunity Test.

The document establishes a reference for evaluating the immunity of electric and electronic equipment when subjected to variations of the power frequency. Only conducted phenomena are considered.

IEC 61000-4-29, Ed. 1.0 (2000)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 4-29: Testing and Measurement Techniques—Voltage Dips, Short Interruptions, and Voltage Variations on DC Input Power Port Immunity Tests.

The document establishes a common and reproducible basis for testing electrical and electronic equipment when subjected to voltage dips, short interruptions, or voltage variations on dc power ports. This standard defines the range of test levels, the test generator, the test setup, and the test procedure.

IEC 61000-6-1 Ed. 2.0 (2005-03)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 6-1: Generic Standards—Section 1: Immunity for Residential, Commercial, and Light-Industrial Environments.

The document defines the immunity test requirements in relation to continuous and transient, conducted and radiated disturbances, including electrostatic discharges, for electrical and electronic apparatus intended for use in residential, commercial, and light-industrial environments, and for which no dedicated product or product-family standard exists.

IEC 61000-6-2, Ed. 2.0 (2005-01)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 6-2: Generic Standards—Section 1: Immunity for Industrial Environments.

IEC 61000-6-6, Ed. 1.0 (2003-04)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 6-6: Generic Standards—HEMP Immunity for Indoor Equipment.

IEC/TR2 61000-3-5, Ed. 1.0 (1994)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 3: Limits—Section 5: Limitation of Voltage Fluctuations and Flicker in Low-Voltage Power Supply Systems for Equipment with Rated Current >16 A—Type 2 Technical Report.

The recommendations in this report are applicable to electrical and electronic equipment intended to be connected to a public low-voltage ac distribution system, where the equipment has a rated input current exceeding 16 A per phase, or has a lower rated current but requires the special consent of the supply authority.

IEC/TR3 61000-1-1, Ed. 1.0 (1992)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 1: General—Section 1: Application and Interpretation of Fundamental Definitions and Terms.

This report describes and interprets terms of basic importance to concepts and practical applications in the design and evaluation of electromagnetically compatible systems.

IEC/TS 61000-1-2, Ed. 1.0 (2001)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 1-2: General—Methodology for theAchievement of the Functional Safety of Electrical and Electronic Equipment with Regard to Electromagnetic Phenomena.

This document specifies a methodology for the achievement of functional safety with regard to electromagnetic (EM) phenomena of electrical and electronic equipment, including apparatuses, systems, and installations, as installed and used under operational conditions.

IEC/TS 61000-3-4 (1998) Ed. 1.0

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)—Part 3-4: Limits—Limitation of Emission of Harmonic Currents in Low-Voltage Power Supply Systems for Equipment with Rated Current >16 A.

The recommendations of this report are applicable to electrical and electronic equipment with a rated input current >16 A per phase and intended to be connected to public low-voltage ac distribution systems.

MISC EMC (1997)

Electromagnetic Compatibility—The Role and Contribution of IEC Standards.

This publication explains IEC’s aims on EMC standardization.

ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF MEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION

1110 North Glebe Rd., Ste. 220, Arlington, VA 22201-4795; phone: 703-525-4890; fax: 703-276-0793; e-mail: standards@aami.org; Internet: www.aami.org

AAMI TIR18 (1997) 1 ed.

Guidance on Electromagnetic Compatibility of Medical Devices for Clinical/Biomedical Engineers—Part 1: Radiated Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Energy.

ANSI/AAMI PC69 (2000) 1 ed.

Active Implantable Medical Devices—Electromagnetic Compatibility—EMC Test Protocols for Implantable Cardiac Pacemakers and Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators.

EUROPEAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS STANDARDS INSTITUTE

650, route des Lucioles, 06921 Sophia-Antipolis Cedex, France; phone: + 33 4 92 94 42 00; fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16; e-mail: infocentre@etsi.org; Internet: www.etsi.org

ETSI EN 301 839-1

Electromagnetic Compatibility and Radio Spectrum Matters (ERM)—Radio Equipment in the Frequency Range 402 MHz to 405 MHz for Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implants and Accessories—Part 1: Technical Characteristics, Including Electromagnetic Compatibility Requirements and Test Methods.

ETSI EN 301 839-2 (2002)

Electromagnetic Compatibility and Radio Spectrum Matters (ERM)—Radio Equipment in the Frequency Range 402 MHz to 405 MHz for Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implants and Accessories—Part 2: Harmonized EN Covering Essential Requirements of Article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive.

AUSTRALIAN COMMUNICATIONS AUTHORITY

Phone: +61 2 6219 5167; fax: +61 2 6219 5288; e-mail: emc@aca.gov.au; Internet: www.aca.gov.au.

AS/NZS 3200.1.2

Approval and Test Specification—-Medical Electrical Equipment Part 1.2: General Requirements for Safety—Collateral Standard: Electromagnetic Compatibility—Requirements and Tests—IEC 601-1-2: 1993. n